Located in the valley of Mexico, the city of Teotihuacan was one of the most architecturally advanced cities in Mesoamerica. Naturally the question arises why study Teotihuacan, and what justifies such a city to be considered a region of historical significance? To answer these questions we must examine the vast and nuanced history of Teotihuacan and analyze the factors which designate Teotihuacan a protected heritage site. Ultimately it was Teotihuacan’s unique religious architecture and political significance that now makes the city a site of historical preservation.
- Overall Size and political significance- Teotihuacan was the largest city in pre-Colombian America during the 1st millennium AD, with an estimated population of 125,000 indigenous citizens. Due to its great size, Teotihuacan became a bastion for political and social activity and furthermore served as a cornerstone for Mesoamerian culture and civilization.
- Religious Architecture- Teotihuacan contained a variety of highly important religious monuments. Examples include the pyramid of the sun, the Palaces of Quetzalmariposa, and the Jaguars of Yayahuala etc.